What is the Cold War

What is the Cold War


  • 1 Cold War
  • 2 reasons for the Cold War 2.1 Arms Race 2.2 ideological differences 2.3 appearance of differences over Germany 2.4 Korean crisis
  • 2.1 Arms Race
  • 2.2 ideological differences
  • 2.3 appearance of differences over Germany
  • 2.4 Korean crisis
  • 3 end of the Cold War
  • 4 References

cold War

Cold War is a political, ideological and military confrontation sometimes indirect, occurred after World War II during the period 1947-1991m, the parties understand is the two largest in the world, namely the United States of America and the Soviet Union and their respective allies, and it was the manifestation of the war divided the world into two camps are a communist, led by the Soviet and the liberal Union, led by the United States of America, [1] can be said that the term cold war means a struggle no one warring parties of war declaring that the counterparty formally, has led both sides of the war on the other using the media art, secret means of spies and secret agents as customers. [2]

Has used the term cold war for the first time by the English writer George Orwell in an article he had published in 1945 and in which he referred to the nuclear impasse, which can be caused by two or three countries possess each of which is able to exterminate the millions of people a nuclear weapon in a few seconds only , also used the term for the first time in the United States by the American financier and presidential adviser Bernard Baruch in his speech in 1947 at the State Palace in the city of Columbia. [3]

The causes of the Cold War

Despite the American Union and the Soviets in World War II against the Axis powers, but the relationship between them were strained to some extent, the United States has been dealing cautiously on the Soviet Union and the spread of communism as well as wary of President Joseph Stalin, who was bloodthirsty to a large extent, the Americans also denounced regarded as the Soviets a legitimate part of the international community, despite their participation in the second World war and the death of a large number of Russians in, which raised the hatred between the two peoples, and led the Soviet Union expanded in Eastern Europe after World war II to the American fear of a communist control the world, which led to a cold war between the two parties, historians believe that there was no escape of them, [4] One of the key factors that led to the emergence of the cold war the following: [5]

arms race

Ideological differences

Differences and ideological divisions emergence of communism, the communist state has emerged in Russia after the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, which replaced the Russian Government interim, has worked the Bolsheviks to withdraw Russia from the war and leaving Britain and France to fight alone in the First World War, as capitalism versus communism appeared, and did not capitalist systems in the United States of America with communist regimes, conform to the Soviet Union, as the government in a democratic capitalist system and the non-controlled economy by the state while the Communist party leads the state and the focus of power and the economy in the hands of the government, the two sides have a goal to surpass on each other to achieve gains own. [7]

The increased degree of uncertainty and lack of trust between the two superpowers, when the wrath of Stalin from the United States and Britain because of the delay in opening the second front on Germany during the Second World War, which granted the opportunity to Hilter to consolidate his forces against the Soviets, was undoubtedly Stalin that the United States and Britain have Tokhrta to leave the Soviets and the Germans Atqatlan with each other and thus weaken the two countries, prompting Stalin to be looking for more security for his country and the holding of the intention to establish a buffer zone geographic countries Eastern Europe-friendly, and to protect them from Western aggression future, and the United States opposed the order because she was going to the establishment of a strong democratic state, has Aloadoyologih differences between the two parties have raised many differences, the United States decided to pursue a policy of containment which was the most important clauses that could, if not eliminate communism must stop their spread. [7]

US President Truman was accused of the Soviet Union as a provocative force on the dictatorial regime in the world as the Soviets are the foundation of strangling the global economy, such as the implementation of the basic containment and fighting the Soviets of the United States provided economic aid funds, and building materials, and the experience of most European countries, which feared it from the danger of the Communist Soviet was their view that as long as the country prosperous there is no fear it from communist control, and divisions resulting emerged from different ideology clearly through the creation of NATO in 1949 to counter the communist threat, as was established Warsaw Pact in 1955 by Stalin to face a hostile alliance on the Soviets. [7]

The emergence of differences over Germany

When the free ended in 1945 were divided Germany into four divisions between the United States, Britain, France, the Soviet Union, was scheduled to administer each of the Allied region its own, and wanted Stalin to weaken Germany's economy to ensure its inability to promote once Others also demanded financial compensation for war losses caused by, but the Western allies wanted Germany to be strong enough to contribute to world trade, it has remained the British, French and American areas of free trade, but Stalin's trade refused with other areas in its section it also issued many products, raw and materials needed for reconstruction and used it for the benefit of the Soviet Union, and in 1947 was a new currency to unify the British and the US economy and to boost the economy, the establishment of the subsidiary of the two German regions, Stalin feared that the currency spread in his area and weaken his will to weaken the German economy, which led him to create the new East German currency for Baktall. [8]

And Stalin in the 1948 siege of the city of Berlin and cut all roads leading to it and to prevent Westerners Alhvae access by road, and was intended to force them to assign them, as was the fear of a global economic power union with Germany, the US and British governments have been transporting aid to Goa city through the aircraft to provide people with fuel, food, and continued it on this case for 11 months, and after 322 days to raise Stalin's blockade of Berlin, but this has increased the tension between the two forces, which were the causes of the cold war. [8]

Korean crisis

Korean crisis began in 1949, when the communist expansion in the Far East to end up Ptullehm to paillasse in China, and in 1950 invaded Kim Korea North with the support of China and Russia, and saw the United States trusteeship of the National Security Council the US must stop the policy of containment and start communist deterrence According to the domino theory that any country fell under communist rule follow and other countries sooner or later, and when they were defeated North Korea easily by Chinese controlled Congo, South Korea, the United States received support from the United Nations body appropriate to take action, and began the war military action in cold war in 1950 where he fought the United States, China has threatened to use the atomic bomb that China did not back down and accept peace, and the war reached a dead end and ended in 1953, and the Korean crisis continues to be a source of tension to this day. [9]

The end of the Cold War

Cold War ended when Richard Nixon took office, a president of the United States of the thirty-seventh US Vice President's thirty-sixth, where he pursued a new approach to the management of international relations through the use of style diplomatic rather than the military, he worked to encourage the United Nations to recognize the Chinese Communist government, has also established relations diplomacy with Beijing, and for the Soviet Union has adopted a policy to relax with him, in 1972 signed the Soviet Prime Minister Leonid Brezhnev treaty limiting the use of strategic weapons, which also prevents both nuclear missiles manufactured from the Soviet side or the US, and this treaty as a step that limit the threat of nuclear war, and in spite of this, the cold war again when President Ronald Reagan took over the presidency, which was considered the communist presence poses a threat to freedom, and the back of the Reagan principle advocated rebellion against communism and provides financial-military aid to those who resist the communist threat. [4] [10 ]

When received Gorbachev took office in 1985, the last president of the Soviet Union before its collapse, rebuilt Russia's relations with other countries, and the policy is based on two things political openness and economic reform, and in 1989 with the Soviet Union fell in Eastern Europe proceeded communist countries to bring and their governments changed to non-communist governments, as was the destruction of the Berlin wall, which is the cornerstone of the most important factor in the cold war, and by the year 1991 was the cold war has completely ended. [4] [11]


  • ↑ "Cold War world .. conflict hot section of the two poles", www.aljazeera.net, 2016-3-1, briefed him on 12.10.2017. Adapted.
  • ↑ "Cold War", www.ksag.com, briefed him on 11.12.2017. Adapted.
  • ↑ "Cold War", www.britannica.com, Retrieved 2017-12-10. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب ت "COLD WAR HISTORY", www.history.com, Retrieved 2017-12-11. Edited.
  • ↑ "Reasons for the Cold War", www.bbc.co.uk, Retrieved 2017-12-11. Edited.
  • ↑ "Reasons for the Cold War", www.bbc.co.uk, Retrieved 2017-12-11. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب ت "Reasons for the Cold War", www.bbc.co.uk, Retrieved 2017-12-11. Edited.
  • ^ أ ب "Reasons for the Cold War", www.bbc.co.uk, Retrieved 2017-12-11. Edited.
  • ↑ "Reasons for the Cold War", www.bbc.co.uk, Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  • ↑ "Richard Nixon", www.aljazeera.net, 2015-3-2, briefed him on 11.12.2017. Adapted.
  • ↑ "Meet with Mikhail Gorbachev: the man who missed the Soviet Union", www.bbc.com, 2016-12-13, briefed him on 12.11.2017. Adapted.


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